Consolidating the third wave democracies Chat naughty sa

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Since the "third wave" of democracy began in 1974, a large number of countries in the world have made transitions to the formal constitutional structures of multiparty democracy.

Some of these new regimes may also be termed liberal democracies, with effective protections for civil liberties, due process, political accountability, and the rule of law.

The catch-phrase “the third wave” has been widely used among scholars studying what is considered by some to be democratic transitions and democratization throughout much of the developing world.

The phrase however, has come under criticism, largely by those who stress that so called democratic transitions are little more than transitions to semi-authoritarian rule, as demanded by the international realities of a post-cold war world.

Particularly attention is given to the role of institutions in shaping the character, effectiveness, and ultimately legitimacy of democracy, and thus in facilitating or obstructing the deepening and consolidation of democracy.

The design and maturity of political institutions (both of the state and the party system) are key concerns.

The second wave began following the Allied victory in World War II, and crested nearly 20 years later in 1962 with 36 recognised democracies in the world.In political science, Third Wave Democracy, also known as Democracy's Third Wave, refers to the third major surge of democracy in history. Huntington, a political scientist at Harvard University in his article published in the Journal of Democracy and further expounded in his 1991 book The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century.The first wave of democracy began in the early 19th century when suffrage was granted to the majority of white males in the United States ("Jacksonian democracy").The Third Wave: Democratization in the Late Twentieth Century is a 1991 book by Samuel P.Huntington which outlines the significance of a third wave of democratization to describe the global trend that has seen more than 60 countries throughout Europe, Latin America, Asia, and Africa undergo some form of democratic transitions since Portugal's "Carnation Revolution" in 1974.

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The second wave ebbed as well at this point, and the total number dropped to 30 democracies between 1962 and the mid-1970s.

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